Finishing a basement can be a great way to add living space to your home. Here are the general steps to follow when finishing a basement:
Check for Moisture in Your Basement: Before any work begins, we check the basement for moisture issues. We typically look for signs of water damage or leaks anywhere there are existing pipes, drains, cracks in the foundation, and windows. If we find any, we address these issues before begining the basement finishing work.
Plan the Layout of your finished Basement: We determine how you want to use the space and create a floor plan. We decide where you want to place walls, doors, and windows. Another consideration can be the location of electrical outlets and light fixtures. We also discuss adding an additional kitchen and converting your basement into a mother-in-law suite or basement apartment. Holyoak X can install a complete basement walkout or basement entrance to provide a separate entrance to your basement. HGTV offers a wide range of ideas for your basement.
Framing the Walls to Begin the Basement Finishing Process: Once the planning phase is complete we can start the basement framing process by installing framing for the walls using pressure-treated lumber as your bottom plate and maintaining an air gap between the vertical members and the concrete to prevent moisture from wicking through the concrete. The framer should anchor the walls to the floor and the ceiling to ensure stability for the basement's framing.
Electrical is Essentail to the Finishing Process: We then install electrical outlets, light fixtures, and switches according to your floor plan. We always hire a licensed electrician to do this work.
HVAC: Basement heating and cooling is an essential part of the finishing process. We hire a licensed HVAC technician to install either the mini splits or ducting for the new basement finish. Here is an article that will explain the several HVAC options and considerations.
Plumbing: If you want to add a bathroom or a wet bar, we will need to install plumbing. We always hire a licensed plumber to do this work. After we complete the framing, electrical, HVAC, and plumbing, the basement is ready for a four-way inspection.
Insulation: Then we install insulation in the walls to help regulate the temperature and reduce noise.
Drywall Makes it Look Finished: Following the insluation installation and inspection we install drywall on the walls and ceiling. Use fire-rated drywall on the ceiling if the basement is the only way out of the house.
Flooring: We prefer to choose a flooring option that is appropriate for a finished basement. Options include carpet, laminate, epoxy, and vinyl flooring. Carpet is very soft and friendly but tends to be the most often replaced due to water damage. Keep this in mind when finishing your basement.
Trim and Paint as a Final Finishing Touch: Lastly we install trim around windows, doors, and baseboards and then paint the walls and ceiling.
Furniture: Finally, add furniture and decorations to make the space comfortable and inviting.
Conclusion: By following these steps, you can finish your basement and create a functional living space in your home. Remember we always apply for the necessary permits and to hire licensed professionals for any electrical and plumbing work. We also offer excavation services such as concrete prep for new driveways and walkways in the Santaquin & Elk Ridge, UT area.